Terpene Guide - LeafHaus

cannabis terpenes

What Are Terpenes and What Do They Do in Cannabis Plants?

Terpenes are aromatic organic compounds that are found in many plants, including cannabis. They are responsible for the distinctive smells and flavors of different strains of cannabis, and they may also play a role in the effects that cannabis has on the body.

 

Terpenes are produced in the trichomes of cannabis plants, which are tiny, crystal-like structures that are found on the surface of the plant’s leaves and buds. These trichomes are also where cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, are produced.

In addition to contributing to the aroma and flavor of cannabis, terpenes may also have medicinal properties. For example, some terpenes have been found to have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-anxiety effects.

 

Terpenes can interact with other compounds found in cannabis, such as cannabinoids, and this interaction may influence the overall effects of the plant. For example, some terpenes may enhance the effects of THC, while others may mitigate its psychoactive effects.

 

There are over 100 different terpenes that have been identified in cannabis, and each strain of cannabis has its own unique terpene profile. Understanding the terpene profile of different strains can help individuals make more informed choices about which strains may be most effective for their individual needs.

Overall, terpenes are an important and fascinating component of cannabis plants that may offer several potential health benefits.

Benefits of Terpenes

Terpenes offer several potential health benefits, including:

Anti-inflammatory properties – Many terpenes have been found to have anti-inflammatory properties, which may help reduce inflammation and pain in the body.
Antioxidant properties – Some terpenes, such as limonene and terpinolene, have been found to have antioxidant properties, which may help protect the body against oxidative stress and damage.
Analgesic properties – Certain terpenes, such as caryophyllene and myrcene, have been found to have analgesic properties, which may help relieve pain.

Anti-anxiety properties – Some terpenes, such as limonene and linalool, have been found to have anti-anxiety properties, which may help reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression.

Sedative properties – Certain terpenes, such as myrcene and terpinolene, have been found to have sedative properties, which may help promote relaxation and improve sleep quality.
Anti-microbial properties – Some terpenes, such as pinene and limonene, have been found to have anti-microbial properties, which may help protect against bacterial and fungal infections.

It is important to note that research on the potential health benefits of terpenes is still in its early stages, and more studies are needed to fully understand their effects on the body. Additionally, the benefits of terpenes may vary depending on the individual, the concentration of the terpene, and other factors. Always consult with a healthcare provider before using cannabis or cannabis-derived products for medicinal purposes.

cannabis terpenes

Identifying Terpenes

Terpenes can be identified by their unique aroma and taste. Some common terpenes found in cannabis include myrcene, limonene, pinene, and caryophyllene. Each terpene has a unique profile, and their presence in a particular strain of cannabis can influence its effects on the body.

 

Myrcene is one of the most abundant terpenes found in cannabis and is known for its sedative effects. It is also found in other plants like hops and mangoes. Limonene is another common terpene found in cannabis and is known for its uplifting and energizing effects. Pinene is a terpene that is found in high concentrations in some strains of cannabis and has been found to have anti-inflammatory properties. Caryophyllene is a terpene that has been found to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties and is commonly found in black pepper.

Cannabis Terpenes

Top Terpenes

There are over 100 terpenes found in cannabis, each with its own unique aroma and potential health benefits. Here are some of the top terpenes found in cannabis and their potential effects:

Myrcene

Myrcene is the most abundant terpene found in cannabis and is known for its sedative effects. It may also have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.

Limonene

Limonene is a terpene found in citrus fruits and some cannabis strains. It is known for its uplifting and energizing effects and may also have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

Pinene

Pinene is a terpene found in pine trees and some cannabis strains. It has been found to have anti-inflammatory properties and may also help improve respiratory function.

Caryophyllene

Caryophyllene is a terpene found in black pepper and some cannabis strains. It has been found to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties and may also help protect against ulcers and other digestive issues.

Linalool

Linalool is a terpene found in lavender and some cannabis strains. It is known for its calming and relaxing effects and may also have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.

Terpinolene

Terpinolene is a terpene found in several plants, including sage and rosemary, as well as some cannabis strains. It is known for its sedative effects and may also have antioxidant properties.

Humulene

Humulene is a terpene found in hops and some cannabis strains. It has been found to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties and may also help suppress appetite.

Terpene Tips

Effects

Terpenes can influence the effects of cannabis by interacting with the body’s endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system is responsible for regulating several physiological functions, including mood, appetite, and pain sensation. Terpenes can bind to receptors in the endocannabinoid system and modify the effects of other cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD.

 

For example, myrcene, a terpene commonly found in cannabis, is known for its sedative effects. It can enhance the sedative effects of THC, making strains high in myrcene a good choice for individuals looking for relaxation or relief from insomnia. On the other hand, limonene, a terpene found in citrus fruits and some cannabis strains, is known for its uplifting and energizing effects. Limonene can enhance the effects of CBD, making strains high in limonene a good choice for individuals looking for relief from anxiety or depression.

 

In addition to influencing the effects of other cannabinoids, terpenes may also have independent effects on the body. For example, pinene, a terpene found in pine trees and some cannabis strains, has been found to have anti-inflammatory properties. Caryophyllene, a terpene found in black pepper and some cannabis strains, has been found to have analgesic properties and may help relieve pain.

 

Terpenes can also interact with other medications and may not be suitable for everyone. Always consult with a healthcare provider before using cannabis or cannabis-derived products, especially if you are taking other medications or have underlying health conditions.

Terpene Tips

When choosing a strain of cannabis, it is essential to consider the terpene profile to determine the effects that the strain may have. Some strains of cannabis may be more effective for treating specific conditions, such as anxiety or chronic pain, due to their unique terpene profile. It is also important to store cannabis in a cool, dry place to preserve the terpene content and ensure that the plant’s aroma and flavor are not degraded. Finally, it is important to note that while terpenes offer potential health benefits, they can also interact with medications and may not be suitable for everyone. Always consult with a healthcare provider before using cannabis or cannabis-derived products.